During the month of September, the official congress of the European Hip Society (EHS) is held in the French city of Lille. It is the first congress to be held in a mixed format (face-to-face and online). This time it’s dr. Manuel Ribas who addresses the participants.
EHS members appointed ambassadors are experts in hip surgery and pathology. During their professional career, they also represent the EHS in national congresses in different European countries as instructors in the most modern techniques in hip pathology and surgery, contributing their knowledge.
Question. What implications does body movement have in a healthy life?
Answer. Above all, movement is life. The first fundamental implication is that a life without movement is not a complete life. On the other hand, the movement itself helps life to manifest itself in the healthiest way possible.
Q. What are the main pillars of our movement?
R. The main pillars of our movement are first of all the bones, which are articulated between them through the musculoskeletal system through the joints, which are the hinges that connect two or more bone segments.
These joints receive the order of the brain to move thanks to the nerves, which reach the level of the muscles, which are the third element of the musculoskeletal system and which, by contracting, order the joint to practice a movement in space.
Q. What main factors affect our mobility? How can we act to protect these three pillars of mobility?
R. The first factor is time, age. Obviously it is a factor that the human being cannot control, but that it can modify in the most physiological way possible throughout life, by maintaining movement.
Another fundamental factor is body weight. If we are overweight, it is evident that it is a factor that determines an increase in the wear and tear of the musculoskeletal system. This is a modifiable factor over time because we can influence our body weight.
The third element that influences the pillars of movement are injuries, which can be chronic or acute. In this second type we have to face the type of injury and optimize its recovery or maintenance over time to be able to reestablish a physiological movement.
Q. What aspects make our joints often susceptible to discomfort and pain?
R. First of all is the passage of time again, but the fundamental factor is sedentary lifestyle. The more a joint moves throughout life, the less susceptible it is to injury. The more you move, the more bearable the passage of time and joint wear and tear becomes.
Lesions, mostly degenerative in nature, also play a role. It is normal for there to be wear over time, but the idea is to have controlled and minimized wear throughout life.
Q. How can we influence our mobility and joint health through food, nutrition?
R. It is evident that we are what we eat. Therefore, the more varied our diet is and the more it consists of foods with high nutritional value, the closer it is to the Mediterranean diet that corresponds to the country in which we live, the greater the positive impact on the musculoskeletal system.
“There are times when it will be necessary to refer to a diet with an increased protein intake, which may be an adjustment of the diet or a supplementation with protein-type preparations: chronic injuries, after surgery or in recovery from acute injuries”
A varied diet will allow us to have all the fundamental nutrients and all the substances, such as vitamins, that our joints need to stay healthy and flexible over time.
Obviously, in two aspects, it will be necessary to refer to a diet with an increased protein intake, which can be an adjustment of the diet or a supplementation with protein-type preparations. In the phase of chronic injuries, after surgeries or in the recovery phase of acute injuries, it is very important to have and increase the protein intake, because proteins are the small bricks that build our muscles and allow us to maintain our muscular heritage the more intact and recover more quickly from injuries.
Q. What other tips would you give to maintain and improve our joint well-being? And to prevent injuries in sports activities and / or accelerated joint wear?
A. To keep the musculoskeletal system healthy, you have to let this system do what it is built for: movement. We have to remember that we were born to move and that we need to move to live in the healthiest and healthiest way possible.
It is very simple, we have to move, and how ?: at least doing a light exercise of 20 or 30 minutes a day, such as walking. A simple walk helps us keep all the systems working in the best way and also helps cardiovascular well-being.
“It is proven that the more exercise you do throughout your life, the better you maintain muscle mass”
With 120 minutes a week, two hours distributed, it would be the background that the body needs to live in the best possible way.
It would be ideal, adapting to each situation and state of health, to add a small part of physical exercise to mobility and joint elasticity throughout the day. With only ten minutes a day, dedicating this time to ourselves to move the arms, the spine, the neck and the legs, just by sitting down and getting up from a chair, we maintain elasticity.
And then, for those who are more capable or who want to improve even this aspect, it is advisable and optimal to spend ten minutes a day on muscular strength exercises. It is proven that the more exercise you do throughout your life, the better you maintain muscle mass.
Thus, as human beings need to feed and hydrate for life to manifest itself, movement should be recognized as fundamental to life.
Q. What are the main consultations you receive related to joint well-being in people between 50 and 65 years old?
R. The age group between 50 and 65 years is affected by tendon-type problems, most of the time we speak of degenerative tendinopathies, or by problems of joint wear, such as joint cartilage wear and joint stiffness.
These processes are physiologically related to the natural aging of the person, but it is in this age group when they most begin to manifest.
Also because in the life we live people tend to be quite active, but sometimes they move in an unbalanced way, in the sense that we go to work, we sit for many hours, we go home, we have dinner, then the sofa comes. And then to sleep.
We carry out many activities, but at the harmonious and global level that we talked about before, we accomplish very little. When we move little the tendons adapt and begin to lose elasticity and therefore are more susceptible to injury.
Due to the wear of injuries and cartilage we speak of multifactorial processes, between genetics, physical predisposition and mechanical structure, because there may be a predisposition to generate osteoarthritis due to problems such as mechanical axis, such as, for example, people who have bowed knees .
If we add a sedentary lifestyle to all these factors, the vicious circle of lack of joint elasticity begins, and we have stiffness, it goes with the pain and the person ends up having pain and, therefore, does not move. Thus begins a vicious cycle that is complicated because weight gain is added. Increasing weight makes us weigh more and it becomes more difficult for us to move.
You have to move and eat well to avoid entering the vicious circle.
Q. How has the situation of the pandemic affected the consultations?
R. One of the collateral effects at the social level and in the general population has also been an increase in medical consultations due to the appearance of ailments, especially in the spine and hip.
This is because during confinement we have been in smaller spaces. On the one hand, we have moved less and we have lost part of our elasticity, and this generates ailments. On the other hand, there has been an increase in teleworking and not everyone has been able to have a suitable place to work from home and bad posture and incorrect ergonomics at work have often been observed.
Thus began ailments in the hip where femoroacetabular impingement has manifested itself more frequently, especially in young patients.
“We have to return to life as normal as possible and move again” As a hip surgeon I have observed many more patients with pain at the hip joint level also in young people between 25 and 45 years old. Some have even needed surgery.
With repeated bad postures, many hours on the sofa working, watching TV in bed or sitting improperly, these painful impingement syndromes at the level of the hip have increased and all that is the pathology of the spine, such as cervical pain , back pain due to vertebral muscle insufficiency and low back pain.
We must return to life as normal as possible and move again.
Last Thursday, May 27, starting at 7:00 p.m., the webinar on Sports Medicine “Impact sport and health” took place in which Dr. Manel Ribas, head of the Hip Unit of the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (ICATME) from the Dexeus University Hospital and Jesús García Bragado, World Champion in the 50km march in 1993 and the athlete who has participated in the most Olympic Games in history, will talk about the importance of prevention and medical control in high-impact sports and how sports medicine has evolved, especially in hip-related pathologies.
On September 11, Dr Ribas, head of the Dexeus Hip Unit, will participate as the main speaker in the webinar: “Primary prosthesis by superior approach with soft tissue protection”, together with doctors Marcelo Lizarraga, Víctor Valladares and Christian Valladares, all of them Peruvians. The Central Military Hospital of Peru is in charge of organizing the event.
The medical team of the Hip Unit of the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology of the Hospital Universitari Dexeus (ICATME), led by Dr. Manel Ribas, has published in the latest issue of the Spanish Journal of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (RECOT) the first large series in Southern Europe of cases of periacetabular osteotomy using a mini-invasive technique in the treatment of residual hip dysplasia.
This is a retrospective study of 131 patients who underwent this technique at the Dexeus University Hospital between 2007 and 2016. The study concludes that the periacetabular osteotomy using the mini-invasive approach allows to restore the coverage of the acetabulum, correcting dysplasia, improving capacity. functional and quality of life of the operated patients.
Residual hip dysplasia
“Residual hip dysplasia is a more common pathology than is believed. At the end of growth, the head of the femur, for different reasons, may not have been well covered by the acetabulum and hip instability and alteration of the hip occurs. a series of stabilizing structures that in the long run produce pain and loss of functional capacity, which leads to the need to implant a prosthesis “, explained Dr. Manel Ribas, head of the Hip Unit of the Hospital Universitari Dexeus.
In recent decades there have been various attempts to try to restore these hips but it was not until 1988 that Dr. Ganz from the University of Bern developed a technique capable of correcting this pathology. It is a periacetabular osteotomy that, through four cuts around the acetabulum, allows it to be rotated in a way that provides more coverage to the head of the femur and recovers the contact of the patient’s natural cartilage between the acetabulum and the femur, protecting the joint.
In 2003 Dr. Manel Ribas was the first Spanish surgeon to perform this technique. “However,” adds the surgeon, “with the aim of continuing to improve, in 2007 at the recently opened Hospital Universitari Dexeus we performed the first periacetabular osteotomy using a mini-invasive technique described by Dr. Soballe”.
“This new surgical approach consists of making a series of blind cuts, which are visualized with the help of a radiological team in the operating room, avoiding the muscle so that we achieve less bleeding, less surgical time, less post-operative pain, a rapid functional recovery and an aesthetic improvement over the previous technique “.
The study published by RECOT compiles the first 131 cases of mini-invasive periacetabular osteotomy performed by Dr. Ribas’ team at the Dexeus University Hospital and analyzes the medium and long-term results.
According to Dr. Luis Ramírez Nuñez, surgeon of the hip unit and first signatory of the study, “the patients treated with this technique achieved correct acetabular coverage with few complications and with a significant improvement in functional results.”
“Four years after undergoing the operation, 98% of the patients did not need to undergo any other procedure since the intervention had completely solved the dysplasia,” he adds.
Dr. Ribas affirms that “it is important to be able to diagnose and treat residual dysplasia since it is an underdiagnosed pathology that is extremely confusing with other hip pathologies such as acetabular shock injury and requires a differentiated treatment”.
The Hip Unit of the Dexeus University Hospital is a benchmark in the performance of this technique that is performed on a regular basis. Since Dr. Ribas’s first intervention in 2007, nearly 500 surgeries have been performed using this technique.
This news has been published on the Quirón Dexeus Hospital website. You can see it by pressing here.
On May 23 the Venezuelan Society of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (SVCOT) organizes an international telematic Congress, with the assistance of specialists from both continents.
Dr Ribas and Cardenas present their achievements and their experience in the diagnosis and treatment of femoroacetabular shock (known in Central and South America as Femoroacetabular Impingement).
With more than 2,000 interventions carried out, the Hip Unit has emerged as one of the benchmarks in the treatment of this pathology, the first cause of pain in the athlete’s hip and the first mechanical cause of arthrosis in said joint.
In addition to exposing cases of femoroacetabular shock, clinical cases of other mechanical hip pathologies that need to be differentiated are presented. The most frequently confused with femoroacetabular shock is residual hip dysplasia. Both cause chondrolabral lesions to evolve freely, but the treatment of the cause is completely different: while femoroacetabular shock is treated with remodeling of the acetabular overlay and femoral hump, residual dysplasia is treated by redirecting the acetabulum to provide physiological coverage . This is obtained through periacetabular osteotomy, a technique of which this Unit is a reference center in Europe for its mini-invasive technique.
The Hip Unit has successfully returned to its usual activity. In a very satisfactory way, maintaining the “negative Covid circuit” protocol implemented by ICATME and Dexeus University Hospital, which isolates and protects patients who have not suffered from Covid-19 and those who have been cured.
The care activity of patients with pathologies of the locomotor system is resumed.
For more information follow the link clicking here.
REMEMBER TO GO TO YOUR APPOINTMENT:
1. You must wear the mask. 2. Try to be punctual, neither before nor after the indicated time. 3. Only the patient will be able to access the consultation, unless he is a dependent or a minor. 4. Respect the social distance of 2m.
From the Hip Unit we want to thank Professor Kjeld Söballe (Aarhus -Denmark), brilliant hip and pelvic surgeon, former chairman of the scientific committee of the European Hip Society (EHS); he in 2006 (2 years before I published it in the American Journal JBJS Am 2008) taught me the mini-invasive technique. Our fortune is to have known him, his generosity, didactic commitment. We can never thank him as he deserves.
First of all thank you friend Kjeld.
He was the one who realized that Ganz periacetabular osteotomy could be done by a mini-invasive approach that does not compromise the muscles, produces less bleeding, much less postoperative pain, and a faster return to everyday activities, including sport.
Today there is an undetermined number of athletes with moderate dysplasia, with a ratio of 4 to 5 women to 1 man, although there are ethnic and genetic factors. Low-grade dysplasia is not always detected at birth or during the first year of life.
Mini-invasive periacetabular osteotomy requires a highly specialized and coordinated medical and nursing team. We can see in the image Dr. Luis Ramírez placing the screws while Dr. Ribas maintains the correct redirection of the acetabulum to give normal three-dimensional coverage of the femoral head by the acetabulum. In our experience, there is no limit or residual standard dysplasia that is the same as another. Treatment is individualized patient by patient under a detailed preoperative calculation. We recommend reading on Instagram – Linkedin or on Twitter of “Periacetabular osteotomy step by step” by Dr. Luis Ramírez.
As we have been able to read in media such as the Medical Writing or the German newsletter BR24, a study carried out by the University of Eindhoven (Netherlands) together with the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium), shows that the virus particles that remain floating in the air when we are in motion, they require a greater distance between people.
The study’s recommendation is that we should maintain a distance of 4m when walking and more than 10m when running.
To read the full article on Medical Writing, you can click here.
If you want to see the BR24 article, you can access by clicking here.
Although the Hip Unit is aimed at young people and young adults with dysplasia, often not noticed during childhood, it occurred in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th decades of life. This work, published in the largest Spanish journal of Orthopedics and Traumatology, represents the first work published on this mini-invasive technique throughout Central Europe and Southern Europe.
To thank our colleague Dr. Luis José Ramírez, specialist and member of the Unit staff, and the fellows we have had in recent years who, with their dedication, have made this work of data collection, angle measurement and analysis possible. statistical.
We could have perfectly published this work in an international magazine, but we believe that we owe it to our country. Disseminate knowledge of this technique in our field. This is how fundamentally Spanish and Spanish-speaking medical colleagues can access such precious and uplifting information.
I thank Dr. Luis José Ramírez for his dedication to the subject, the subject of his Doctoral Thesis, under the baton of the Professor at the University of Barcelona Andreu Combalía and myself (Dr. Manuel Ribas) as his tutor.
New works will appear, already more specific in the line of his Doctoral Thesis, as well as in the field of dysplastic athletes. Recently in the American Journal of Sports Medicine it was reported that 21% of Scandinavian soccer players suffered from hip pain as a result of residual dysplasia, and 46% from borderline dysplasia. In these cases, individual assessment is essential to offer the most appropriate treatment: simple arthroscopic treatment, repair of chondrolabal lesions in borderline dysplasia, arthroscopic treatment associated with mini-invasive periacetabular osteotomy or just mini-invasive periacetabular osteotomy.
For now, the Dexeus University Hospital is the only one in the South of Europ, which has carried out, since 2007, periacetabular osteotomy using a mini-invasive technique.
Dr Ribas participates in the Webinar, promoted by the German Society DGOOC for German speaking countries. In this virtual congress the operation of the Hip Unit during the pandemic in its different phases was explained.
A protocol for restarting habitual surgical activity was also discussed based on those proposed by the same DGOOC, AAHKS, IHS, ESSKA (scientific societies of the specialty in Europe and North America).
In a few days, confirmation of publication of different works in indexed scientific journals by the Hip Unit has been received:
Periacetabular osteotomy in the treatment of hip dysplasia through mini-invasive technique. Our medium-long term results in 131 patients. Periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia treatment through a mini-invasive technique. “Our medium-long-term results in 131 patients” (Journal of the Spanish Society of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology) Ed. Elsevier.
Mini-invasive and arthroscopic symphysoplasty technique for the treatment of pubic osteopathy in the German journal of surgical techniques in Traumatology and Orthopedics “Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie” Ed. Springer.
AAMOT-mini-invasive technique assisted by arthroscopy for the treatment of femoroacetabular shock (Arthroskopisch-assistierte Mini-open Arthrotomie zur Korrektur des femoroazetabulären Impingement / Arthroscopic-assisted “mini-open” arthrotomy for the treatment of the femoroacetabular impingement) together with the impingement. Dr. Marco Ezechieli. Ed. Springer.
The Press Association of the newspaper La Razón, one of the largest circulation in Spain, has awarded the head of the Hip unit of the Dexeus University Hospital in the section of hip traumatology among applicants from different parts of Spain.
In his speech Ribas thanked the members of his team and orthopedics and traumatology service of Icatme. Dr. Charlemagne Cardenas member of the Unit, Dr. Eugenio Jimeno, medical director of Icatme and Dr. David Campos member of Icatme accompanied Ribas at the event, held at the prestigious Westin Palace in Madrid.
This recognition coincides with the third consecutive year in which Icatme is in first place as the best orthopedic surgery and traumatology service in Spain according to the IEH (Hospital Excellence Index, prepared through a vote by the Spanish doctors of the different hospitals in the country).
You will find the news of the award by clicking here.
Dr Cardenas has been the international guest in Moscow, at the Moscow Hip Conference, where he has performed two live surgeries, conferences and a hip physical examination workshop at the V.M. State Clinical Hospital. Buyanova
All this in front of 200 hip surgeons from all over Russia.
Once again, the Icatme Hip Unit participates in a scientific event of great impact. The most innovative strategies in the prosthetic exchange are analyzed in this congress and in it prominent figures, both European and from the other side of the ocean, participate.
The fact that Dr Ribas participates in this congress is not accidental. In the early 1990s, Dr Ribas was trained in replacements of infected hip and knee prostheses in the world-famous Endoklinik in Hamburg with Drs. Steinbrink, Roig, Engelbrecht and Dr Lars Frommelt. The latter is considered today the largest microbiologist of the musculoskeletal system in the world.
Upon his return to Spain, 10 years before his last long training stay at the Mayo Clinic, Ribas shared the cases of septic replacement with Frommelt and studied their antibiotic application strategies in acrylic cements.
Today, with the new technical advances, the scientific community meets biannually in Philadelphia to establish a framework of consensus on these therapies (“Philadelphia Consensus”). Spain was behind the US and the United Kingdom the country with the largest number of delegates, just ahead of Germany.
The Spanish Society of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (SECOT) through its website and in App has been the first to translate the Philadelphia Consensus from English to Spanish. The Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology has also established a Consensus Document.
In the months of October and November, Dr. Vittorio Bellotti was able to participate, through the European Hip Society, in the daily work in these orthopedic centers of excellence in hip surgery.
He has been able to be in hip prosthetic implantation interventions through another mini-invasive approach, another surgical school, periacetabular osteotomy for hip dysplasia, precisely in the place where the latter was born.
Gone are the end of the eighties, when Dr. Ribas visited Dr Ganz in the same hospital overnight in the round trip on the train TALGO Barcelona – Bern.
As of the end of 2003, Dr. Ribas began performing said osteotomy for the treatment of dysplasia, only that in 2006 he modified the approach to perform it by the mini-invasive method, nowadays only available to few centers in the world.
Between November 6th and 9th, Professor Dr. Flavio Peirano, a renowned Argentine hip and knee surgeon, head of the Churruca Hospital of the Federal Police of Buenos Aires, visits the Hip Unit, ICATME, Dexeus University Hospital – Quirónsalud Group.
Dr. Flavio carries out a stay of medical training exchange, with the aim of bringing to Buenos Aires the Superpath technique of implanting hip prostheses with musculoskeletal protection. The Superpath technique (Supracapsular Percutaneous Portal Assisted Total Hip) for the implantation of hip prostheses with protection of muscles, tendons and capsule was introduced in Spain by Drs Cardenas and Ribas back in 2015 after their training and accreditation in San Diego – CA through the SOV program.
From here, other leading specialists in our country such as Dr. Raúl Torres, Jesús Mas, Juan Rivera or Boris García have also developed and expanded the technique.
During the ISHA 2019 Congress, held in the city of Madrid, Dr Ribas, head of the Hip Unit made a presentation in which he related his experience in the miniopen treatment of tendon ruptures of medium and minor gluteus.
The painful syndrome of the greater trochanter (GTPS) is an underestimated pathology of a huge prevalence in the general population, between 10 and 25% of the population suffers from this syndrome.
Between 48 and 60% of patients diagnosed with GTPS have medium or smaller gluteal tears that can degenerate into muscle fat tissue irreversibly if the tears are not treated properly.